In the middle of his creative period, Velazquez visits the capital of Italy to buy local statues and paintings, as well as take casts for further work in his native country. It was then that he accidentally saw Pope Innocent X.
As a professional artist, Velazquez was able to portray everything in his painting: the red walls of the room, inside which there is a heavy gilded throne, and a red canopy spread over it. On the throne - 76-year-old Innocent X. His name instilled fear, it was he who gave orders to burn heretics inquisition on the fire, allowing themselves to rebel against the commandments, not allowing people to reason.
In the picture, Velazquez captured the pope in such a way that not one spectator was able to take his eyes off him. Snow-white robes, framed by a thin and graceful lace, could cause the envy of any then fashion adherent. A claret cassock is thrown over the cassock, wrapping dad's shoulders and arms. On his head stands a bright skufu.
Especially strongly the artist was able to convey the face of the pope. It is as if pale gray due to contrasting red tones. The mouth is wide enough, but the lips are very thin. The face is framed by a thick beard and mustache. The nose is large enough. Slightly lowered to the bottom. And his eyes are not at all like that of an old man. They are small, light blue, but very expressive. The look of Innocent X practically pierces the reader. Senile hands, decorated with numerous rings, are lowered to the handrails of the chair.
Velazquez tried to get away from the traditional rules and conventions regarding the images of the popes. Many masters who repeatedly depicted popes did not dare to violate the established canons. However, Velazquez stepped over it, trying to capture not only the appearance, but also the internal state of the pope.