This picture of Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin is often called the "Petrograd Madonna." And those who christened her like that are right, because a nursing mother with a baby, standing on the balcony of a city house, even resembles an icon-painting in facial expression.
The woman's hair is hidden under a white shawl, scarlet matter is thrown over her shoulder - a kind of symbol of revolution. The young mother has a tired and at the same time stern look. But still there is some ray of hope for a brighter future. And his symbol is the sky-blue building, located behind the lady.
The glasses in this house look strange. They are either broken up in places, or drawn into a web, or maybe just covered in dust. Probably, a rich family left this house, and ordinary people have not yet settled.
The streets are quite deserted, except for the crowds, which critics position as a queue for bread, representing hunger time. However, neither the bread nor the seller is visible to the viewer: everything is hidden by the figure of the mother, who does not care about what is happening below. This is all transitory, the main thing for her is to raise her baby.
Someone in this baby sees the symbol of the emerging Soviet country, and someone in the image of his mother - Russia. That is, we can say that this is not the icon of the Mother of God, but still not the image of the Motherland, which began to be exploited massively a little later. He was especially often approached in the days of the Great Patriotic War and after it.
The idea of the painting “1918 in Petrograd” - this is the official name of the picture - can be expressed as follows: there will be no devastation and poverty, we will be able to overcome this. Motherhood is the brightest symbol of continuing life, it is like a seed that has sprouted among the stone walls of the starving Petrograd.
Vrubel The Swan Princess