If you follow the usual interpretation, then the picture of Francisco Goya depicts Kronos, a god from ancient Greek mythology. The name Saturn dates back to the Roman era. This deity, following a prophecy in which he was predicted to overthrow one of the offspring, devours still living children.
But the artist interprets the story in his own way. In myths, Kronos ate babies completely swaddled. Here we see that the heroes of the work are completely naked. Initially, the painting was painted on the wall of the house of Francisco Goya, but a few years later it was transferred to the canvas.
The background of the work is blackness, symbolizing the emptiness that comes at the time of every death. God resembles a hungry old man: his limbs are dry and sinewy. Skin color is more suitable for a sick creature. Saturn's eyes demonstrate, so to speak, the last degree of insanity. A little more, and they roll out on the bridge of the nose. Disheveled hair complements this sensation, flowing down with dry ears. God opened his mouth wide, as if trying to shove as much as possible into his mouth at a time.
Some researchers claim that in this way the artist demonstrated the relationship between Saturn's uncovered pharynx and the gates to hell, where his children disappear one after another.
Clutching his palms firmly, God holds the rest of the body of one of the offspring. Red spots are visible on the sides of the deceased. Saturn gripped the baby's flesh so tightly with its claws that blood came out. Francisco Goya captured the moment when his head was already hidden in the bowels of the cannibal’s body, and God proceeded to devour the baby’s hand.
The artist, using gloomy tones, successfully conveyed a sense of the horror that could have arisen in an involuntary viewer at the sight of such an action. Not a single bright paint, with the exception of red, was used in the work.
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