One of the most famous works of Alessandro Botticelli was written by the author at the peak of fame in 1480. The painting has a more complete name, namely, “The Abyss of Hell” and is one of the illustrations of Dante's work “The Divine Comedy”. The history of the painting is quite interesting and noteworthy.
After Botticelli, at the invitation of the Pope, went to Rome, he earned a lot of money in his paintings. The rampant, easy and irresponsible life of the artist led him to poverty. After which he had to return to his homeland. Thinking about his lifestyle, Alessandro literally reads the works of his contemporary Dante Alighieri. The painting "Hell" is an illustration of the work of Dante, the artist devoted many years to this work.
The picture is a kind of map of hell. The artist, in working on his work, follows with accuracy the description of this place in the Divine Comedy. Dante with the accuracy of a poetic word reflected a certain topography of hell, and also described the torment and sins of its inhabitants. Following the description of the poet - 9 circles make up hell. The Acheron River flows along the perimeter of the first circle, the tributaries of this river flow into the swamp of Stygia, which is located on the fifth circle, where people are punished for excessive anger. Following to the ninth circle, where the traitors are serving their sentences, the river flows to the center of the earth in the form of a waterfall and turns into ice.
According to the description of Dante, the further the circle, the narrower it is and the more terrible the sin created by man. According to the author of "Divine Comedy", the most terrible punishment a person bears for betrayal in the 9th circle of the underworld. Botticelli exactly followed the description of the poet and depicted hell in the form of a funnel, tapering to the center of the earth, where Lucifer carries out his imprisonment.
The picture bears an allegorical character and is rightfully a world masterpiece.
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