INSTRUCTIONS to AUTHORS
The manuscript submission should contain a covering letter in the format given by the journal. It should contain statements that work as a part or whole (except as abstract) has not been published before, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication has been approved by all co-authors. Authors are also required to state that no part of the manuscript has been copied from any source and permission to reproduce table(s) and/or figure(s), (if any) has been obtained. Authors are also expected to mention previous publication/ presentations, if any. All authors should have contributed substantially to the study and to the preparation of the manuscript.
On submission, editors review all submitted manuscripts initially for suitability for formal review. The submitted manuscripts that are not as per the “Instructions to Authors” would be returned to the authors for correction. The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable.
Manuscripts that are found suitable for publication in JUB are sent to expert reviewers after blinding. The journal follows a double-blind review process, wherein the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other’s identity. The comments and suggestions received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author and the authors are requested to submit a revised version of the manuscript.
The Editorial Board reserves the right to edit all articles for purposes of style, format and clarity. Page proofs of accepted manuscripts are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author has to return the corrected proofs to the editor through e-mail.
Articles should be written in English or Arabic.
Manuscripts should be submitted in MS Word format. The article should be typed in Times Roman with double spacing, with 12-point font and 2.5 cm margins. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. If authors wish to mention drug names, generic names of drugs and chemicals are preferred; if trade names are used, the generic name should be given at least at first mention. Manuscript should contain the following: Title page, Abstract and Keywords, Text, Acknowledgment (if any), Conflict of interest (if any), References, Tables and Figures. All pages should be numbered beginning from the title page.
- Title Page
Title page includes;
- The type of manuscript (original article, review article, Letter to editor, etc.)
- Concise and informative title of the manuscript
- Short title (with less than 50 characters) to be used as running head
- Full names of all authors (with their highest academic degrees, designation and affiliations)
- Corresponding author name with postal address, email address, telephone and fax numbers
- Source(s) of support.
- Word count for text only (excluding abstract, acknowledgments, conflict of interest, figure,legends and references)
- Number of tables and figures
- Abstract and key words:
Abstract must start on a new page. All original full length articles should contain a structured abstract with not more than 250 words under the following headings: Background, objectives, Methods and Material, Statistical analysis used, Results and Conclusions.
A. Original articles
The text for full length original articles should be divided into following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion. Each of these sections should begin on a separate page. Authors may use subheadings within some sections to clarify their content.
Introduction should be brief summarizing the current knowledge of the research area, lacunae in the knowledge and justification for the study aim and objectives.
Materials and methods
This section should provide enough information for readers to critically appraise or repeat the study exactly in the same way as it was done by the authors. This section should mention the study period (duration), study design, how the sample size was calculated, details of inclusion and exclusion criteria, how the randomization was done and other technical points like methods, apparatus and procedures. Studies involving ethical issues must contain a statement that their studies have been reviewed by the appropriate ethics committee. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. The details of statistical tests used and the level of significance should be stated at the end of this section.
Results should start with baseline parameters and comparison of groups. Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat the data given in the table or figure or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only important observations with appropriate reference to tables and/or figures and /or illustrations.
Discussion should include summary of the key findings, provide the authors’ interpretation of the meaning of the study findings in the context of already available literature, highlight strengths and limitations of the study and suggest areas of future research. Conclusion should include a precise summary of the important findings liked with the goal of the study and a clear take home message.
B. Review articles
The section titles would depend upon the topic reviewed. Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting and synthesizing data.
C. Letter to editor
These should be short research observations or remarks or queries on recently published articles in JUB.
The letter could have up to 500 words and 5 references.
D. Case reports
Interesting cases can be reported.
Contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship and should specify the nature of support. This must start in a new page.
5. Conflicts of Interest
Conflicts of interest, if any, must be declared in this section. If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This section must be included below the acknowledgement section.
The order of references at the end of the paper
• Entries are cited alphabetically and names of journals, symposium volumes, etc., are spelled out in full (e.g., American Journal of Science).
• Papers by a single author are listed chronologically from oldest to most recent.
• Papers by a single author are first, then papers by that author and a second, alphabetically according to the second author (e.g., Adams, A.B., and Brown, C.D., 1980, before Adams, A.B., and Smith, E.G., 1975). Papers by three or more authors are listed chronologically (e.g., Adams, A.B., Smith, E.F., and Jones, G.H., 1975, before Adams, A.B., Brown, C.D., and Jones, G.H., 1980).
• Unpublished work not available to the public or not accepted yet for publication should be cited in the text as, for example, (A.B. Brown, pers. commun., 1997) or (A.B. Brown, in review); oral communications should be cited as (A.B. Brown, oral commun., 2010). Such citations do not appear in the reference section.
• Book: Collins, A.G., 1975, Geochemistry of oilfield waters: Amsterdam, Elsevier, 496 p.
• Conference paper: McDonald, I., 2005, Development of sulfide standards for the in-situ analysis of platinumgroup elements by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) [ext. abs.]: International Platinum Symposium, 10th, Oulu, Finland, 2005, Extended Abstracts, p. 468–471.
• Journal paper: Fehn, U., and Cathles, L.M., 1979, Hydrothermal convection at slow-spreading mid-ocean ridges: Tectonophysics, v. 55, p. 239–260.
• “Et al.” entry follows two author entry (above): Fehn, U., Green, K.E., Von Herzen, R.P., and Cathles, L.M., 1983, Numerical models for the hydrothermal field at the Galapagos spreading center: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 88, p. 1033–1048.
• Paper in a book: Ohmoto, H., and Goldhaber, M.B., 1997, Sulfur and carbon isotopes, in Barnes, H.L., ed., Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits, 3rd ed.: New York, Wiley, p. 517–611.
• Academic thesis: Richer, M., 2006, Volcanic framework, geochronology and geochemical evolution of the El Dorado gold district, El Salvador, Central America: Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, Vancouver, Canada, The University of British Columbia, 147 p.
• URL data: U.S. Geological Survey, National Mapping Division, 1996, National mapping program instructions, Part 2: Specifications, standards for digital orthophotos (http://rockyweb.cr.usgs.gov/ nmpstds/acrodocs/doq/2doq1296.pdf).
Each table must be typed with double-spacing on a fresh page of the manuscript. All tables are to be serially numbered using Arabic numerals. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in sequence: *, †, ‡, •, ||, ‣, **, ††, ‡‡, ••, ||||, ‣‣, etc. The tables along with their number should be cited at the relevant place in the text. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. The desired positions of tables in the text should be indicated.
Figures must be submitted, in the form of TIFF or JPG (JPEG) files separately. All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. Desired positions of figures in the text should be indicated along with their legends at the end of the manuscript after tables.
- Article submission charges: No article
- Fee of publication $50 / €40
- Developing country charge $0 / €0
The journal allows the authors to hold the copyright without restrictions and to retain publishing rights without restrictions. The journal allow readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles. The journal allows reuse and remixing of its content, in accordance with a CC license СС-BY.